It is true to say that information systems have somewhat evolved over the years, not just in one way but in several directions.
To have a successful operation in place in today’s organizations, it is generally accepted that information is a vital commodity. Information is the data (raw facts) that has been processed, and useful to human beings. On the other hand an information system is a set of interrelated components that collect, retrieve, process, store and distribute information to support decision making and control in the organisation. At present organizations use computerized information systems in order to get the information that they want. Technology is advancing everyday and as it does one of the main questions being asked is how can an organization effectively use an information system, that can sometimes be somewhat unpredictable and thus help the whole organisation work at an efficient rate.
The introduction of databases has played a vital role in the everyday operations of businesses. Information systems have changed the way managers exercise control and take leadership. Their introduction into the work place have also speeded up decision making. In recent years, information systems within the organization have moved away from individual functions and more to supporting business processes. Customers are now seen at the centre of most information systems and so businesses are evolving rapidly. It goes without saying that we now rely heavily on computer systems and both their reliability and efficiency has become extremely important. New trends in information systems are easily identifiable as they can be seen more and more.
Recent trends seen in information systems include: Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), networking and data mining of just some.
Everyday major changes are being made to information systems to meet the needs of its growing spectrum of users by making a faster and more efficient process in which to improve its operations. Many trends suggest that information systems continue to change. And we can certainly see that information systems in 20 years time will be very different. It is extremely important to understand the direction that information systems are moving in.
Laudon, K., (2012), Management Information Systems, Managing the digital firm, (12th Edition).