After reading sad111448932’s post last week, a particular paragraph caught my eye:
“For example, information systems are used across the health sector including Hospital Information System (HIS), Clinical Information System (CIS) and Patient Data Management Information System (PDMS).”
I found this very interesting and decided to do some further research…
It is obvious that computers and information systems have changed the way we do things. This includes the processing, storage and retrieval of data in healthcare. Health Information Systems (HIS) involve the application of technology to the health care profession with the aim of creating tools and procedures that can help doctors, nurses and other healthcare employees diagnose and treat patients more accurately and efficiently.
HIS has a long history which would be impossible without Charles Babbage’s first analytical computer system way back in the 19th century. Although there was talk about using computers in medicine in the early 20th century, it was not until the 1950s that HIS really took off in the US. Dr. Robert Ledley, who invented the first full body CT scanner, is known as one of the founding fathers of US health informatics.
MYCIN, a Clinical Decision Support System, was created to help doctors identify bacteria which caused several infections and to recommend antibiotics and dosage amounts for treatments. Systems like this allowed the possibility of creating and using more advanced HIS technology. Starting in the 1980s, MUMPS (a programming language) allowed individual health records for patients to be created. Today it uses an award-winning program called CRPS (Computerised Patient Record System) which includes features such as a notification system to make users aware of important clinical events for the patient and a reminder system that works to make sure the right treatments are given at the right time.
The widespread adoption of electronic medical records will probably be the most significant application of health informatics in the foreseeable future. Although this electronic storage has created privacy concerns, HIPAA; a law preventing healthcare providers and insurers from sharing medical information about patients has been enforced. This safeguard has allowed both providers and patients more willing to adapt to this cost-effective method because they know their information is not being shared without their consent. The US Department of Health and Human Services is overseeing a plan to ensure widespread adoption of electronic medical records by 2014.
Thanks for reading! Please feel free to leave any comments or questions!