This time I’m going to do things a little differently instead of explaining what an information system is and how it can benefit a business I’m going to tell ye about the history of information systems and how they have progressed in the past 40/50 years! I think that if you know the history behind something it will help you remember and gain an interest in a certain topic.
The history of information systems only span five decades. Yet from its inception, IS has done more to expand business and industry into global markets than any other convention in history! Today the backbone of IS is know as the World Wide Web, Internet, or with a business a Local Area Network. It wasn’t until after World War 2 that this industry started to grow. It saw the birth of the first practical computer which now however isn’t all that great it would be the equivalent of your typical calculator. But to be fair it did inspire others to gain interest in this industry and this background from the early days of simulation, OR, and new technologies birthed studies into the areas of what became known as Information Systems.
By the mid-sixties IS was already forging its way into business mainstream. While computers remained out of reach for most businesses, telecommunications made its mark with the TELEX machine. This step gave businesses the ability to communicate within its own organization anywhere in the world at any time and effectively pass instructions and information. The use of computer in business and industry usually started off in the accounting departments. It was assumed that this area would know the most about using numerical machines and the lack of understanding in how important databases could be other areas of the business. By this time a number of business school began developing Management Information System programs to meet the growing need of IS managers.
As IS begins to receive its own autonomy and large budgets in corporations, many technical savvy managers of these new departments begin spending huge amount of money on systems and software at their own discretion and many time out spend all other departments without any returns to the business. These were troubling and risky times for CEO’s deciding to direct the business into IS based systems . The systems and software were complex, continually changing, and the people that knew the systems tended have their own agendas. Out of this turmoil came the basis of how IS develops with in businesses.
The mid-eighties were the time most manufacturing companies began to shift to IS to forecast sales, take orders, and manage distribution of products. Time Berners-Lee developed the World Wide Web in 1989. This protocol HTML used over the existing Internets that had been constructed opened up a new era of EDI the world had never seen. Where by the mid-1990’s it became apparent that there is no way for a corporation to efficiently do business without a solid functioning IS setup inside its own walls as well as connected with its supply-chain vendors and distributors. EDI once known as Electronic Data Processing have now brought profit margins so low that any business that does not prepare itself will be out of business in the next five years.
IS is a technology driven system. With out it, business would not be what it is today. It has evolved over the past forty years to being the back bone of business, yet the simple application rules created in the 1960s and 1970s are still very relevant in any application where data or information is transferred in what ever business model it is applied to no matter the complexity.
Hope you guys found it interesting!