Team roles in IS projects are essential for a project to achieve its maximum potential. Over 50% of IS projects fail. This is due to many factors such as 30% of projects being cancelled before being completed like the Avis Europe PLS (UK) in 2004, whose ERP project was cancelled after $54.5 million was spent after they had fundamental problems with its design and implementation. Some of the projects fail to achieve their goals and some had budgets that were too high. Because of the high rates of failures and the costs that follow, team roles in IS projects are carefully designed to minimise any failures. Therefore to avoid any confusion or obstacles in the progression of the project, objectives are divided down into team roles of the project.
In order to hand out the team member roles for each objective, planning must first occur. This is usually the first phase for SDLC. You cannot just go and built it. A problem must be identified my investigating the issue. It is then that team roles can be built. Some of the team roles are usually divided out as follows;
Team Leader: This member of the team is to keep an overall check of the other members of the group, to encourage them and to monitor their progress.
System Analysts: Their role is to identify which projects are worth perusing, to study what kind of budget is affordable and how many hours should be spent on the project.
Project Managers: Mangers roles are to give direction to the project. Project Manager is responsible for communication, including status reporting, risk management, escalation of issues that cannot be resolved in the team, and, in general, making sure the project is delivered in budget, on schedule, and within scope.
Stakeholder: A stakeholder of a project can range from a lot of different individuals. They can include staff members such as managers, leaders and developers or can even be people who invest their time and money into the project.
For an IS project to work swiftly and with feasibility all team roles must work in cooperation together.